Once the deal is effective, HDFC Bank will be 100 per cent owned by public shareholders, and existing shareholders of HDFC will own 41 per cent of the bank, according to stock exchange filings by the firms.
S&P said the merger will likely result in significant market-share gains for HDFC Bank, given HDFC (the parent) is the largest financier of mortgages in India. It will raise HDFC Bank’s loans by 42 per cent to Rs 18 lakh crore (USD 237 billion), increasing the bank’s market share to about 15 per cent, from 11 per cent currently.
“While HDFC Bank will remain the second-largest bank in India post-merger, it will be twice the size of ICICI Bank Ltd, the third-largest bank in the country. HDFC Bank’s larger balance sheet could enhance its wholesale lending opportunities,” it said.
State-owned SBI is the largest bank in the country.
The merger is subject to regulatory and other approvals and could take 12-18 months to complete, it said.
“HDFC Bank Ltd’s planned merger with its parent will boost the India-based bank’s market share and diversify its revenues,” S&P said in a statement.
It said HDFC Bank’s business profile will diversify after the merger and the merged entity will have one-third of its portfolio in mortgage loans, compared with a reported 11 per cent now.
S&P said the combined entity’s earnings could improve over the next three to five years and the merger will provide the bank with profitable cross-selling opportunities to HDFC’s large pool of customers.
“The merged bank will benefit from economies of scale and an improved ability to raise funds at competitive rates. It can also leverage HDFC Bank’s digital capabilities and distribution network to drive operational efficiencies,” it said.
S&P expects the combined entity’s capitalization and asset quality to be broadly in line with those of HDFC Bank on a standalone basis.
About 9 per cent of HDFC Ltd’s portfolio comprises loans to real estate developers, where the asset quality is weaker than for the rest of the bank’s portfolio. “In our view, HDFC Bank should be able to absorb incremental risks from this portfolio given its adequate capital and provisioning buffers,” the US-based rating agency said.